On December 8, President Abraham Lincoln, shown above in a photograph taken shortly before, issued a Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which many people later labeled the “Ten-Percent Plan.” In creating this wartime measure, Lincoln sought to provide a path for those states wishing to reenter the Union to follow. His plan offered to citizens of every state of the Confederacy, except Virginia, the opportunity to take an oath of loyalty to the U.S. government, thereby agreeing to obey all wartime acts pertaining to the institution of slavery. Once ten percent of all registered voters who had participated in the 1860 presidential election took the oath, they could form a new state government and seek reentry into the Union; approval of emancipation required. Exempted from Lincoln’s offer: Confederate army officers above the rank of colonel, naval officers above the rank of lieutenant, and anyone who had resigned from the services of the United States army, navy, Congress, or a judicial post and aided the Confederacy. Republican members of Congress felt slighted at Lincoln’s actions. Fearing their inability to have an active role in Reconstruction, Congress later refused to seat members from Arkansas, Louisiana, and Tennessee - states seeking readmission via the “Ten-Percent Plan.”
January 18 , 2014
March 21-22 , 2014
April 11-13 , 2014
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