Connecting to Pigseye
from Home Lynx Netscape
Search Engines Netscape
Bookmarks Gopher Telnet
This manual was developed to meet the needs of students and
faculty who are looking for a guide that is specific to KSU,
yet comprehensive enough to provide instructions and assistance
in the use of on-line services. It will introduce you to the
basic features of the Internet and explain some of the more
important features step by step.
to get you familiar with some of the terminology, the Internet
is a large computer network that connects computers all over
the world. It is estimated that over fifty million people
have access to the Internet. The Internet can be used to send
and receive e-mail, read news, send and receive files, and
connect to the World Wide Web sites. The WWW connects you
to documents from all over the world, which contain text,
pictures, sounds and even movies. This combination of elements
is called multimedia, and is one of the main features that
has made the Web so popular. You can use the Web to access
information from all over the world in a matter of minutes.
So...let's get started! Do not forget that you must always
follow the Kennesaw State University's academic computing
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first step is to obtain a Pigseye account application from
Computer Services in BB475. You will be given a Pigseye account,
granted that all your student fees are current. Pigseye is
the name of Kennesaw State University's general services server
with open internet accounts. It provides Internet access,
electronic mail, and gopher. Be aware that Pigseye is a Unix
case-sensitive system; this means that it will treat the same
word differently depending on whether it is typed in uppercase
or lowercase letters. Once you've applied for and been granted
a Pigseye account, you're ready to get started.
At any KSU computer from the Windows95 screen click on Start,
then select the OwlNet suite.
From OwlNet, click on Pigseye.
At the login prompt enter your login ID in lower case letters.
Your ID will be the first letter of your first name and the
first seven letters of your last name.
At the password prompt enter your password. Your initial password
is the first four letters of your login and the last four
digits of your Social Security number.
You will then be asked to change your password. Your new password
must be a minimum of six characters consisting of at
least two uppercase or lowercase alphabet characters and at
least one digit or special character.
At the Pigseye % prompt you can now enter commands. The general
and most used commands are listed on your screen.
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is a fun and easy way to communicate with people everywhere.
Electronic mail allows you to use the computer and a computer
mail program to electronically receive, delete, send, and
file mail. Pigseye has two mailers installed; they are pine
10-Jan-2008 10:36 AMthe email
system supported by KSU.
the Pigseye % prompt type elm. The top line displays the current
mail file, the number of messages in the file, and the elm
version number. The message status is marked with a N, U,
A, D, or O.
new message since you lasted executed elm.
action is associated with this message.
message is marked to be deleted.
old message that has not yet been read.
date will accompany the message to let you know when the message
was sent. The name of the person sending the message is also
displayed. The number in parentheses shows the number of lines
in the actual message. The last field shows the subject of
the message; the sender actually keys this in himself. Commands
for navigating your e-mail will be listed on-screen.
Highlight the message that you wish to read and press enter.
Prompts are shown at the bottom of the message to show how
many lines are left in the message. To read the remainder
of the message simply hit the space
Hit i to return to the index (to go back to the initial
Highlight the message you wish to delete.
Type d (the message will then appear with a D in front
of it which indicates deletion status). Prior to quitting
elm if you should change your mind
all you have to do is type u to undelete.
Select q)uit to leave elm. The program will ask you
to confirm the deletion. If you type n for no then the D tag
is removed and the message is not
deleted. If you type y for yes then the message will be deleted.
From the elm index screen type an o (this will bring
up the options menu).
From the Options Menu type a p.
The print mail using option must be changed to read:
/local/bin/pep %s. Then press Enter.
Type a> to save the changes or i to return
to the index. (Once you save the changes you will not have
to repeat the print mail using
Highlight the message you would like to print.
Press p to print.
can be saved as files in folders to be read later.
Highlight the message to be saved. Type s.
The folder (file) name defaults to the sender's name. To change
the name merely start typing a new name and press Enter. The
message will now be tagged for deletion from your mailbox.
address is your firstname.lastname@example.org. You
are now welcome to give this address to your family and friends
so that you may start receiving mail!
From the elm main screen press m.
You will be asked to provide the address of the person that
you wish to send a message.
A subject for your message is optional. The subject can be
as simple as the word "hello". If you choose not
to include a subject, the computer
will ask if you wish to continue.
The computer will then ask if you would like to send any copies;
this is also optional. If you wish to send no copies simply
The pico editor screen will now be displayed and you can begin
typing your message. After you have completed the message,
hit control x to exit the pico
You will then be given a list of options: e)dit message,
edit h)eaders, s)end it, or f)orget it.
Type s to send your message.
computer will give you the message "Mail Sent!"
You are then returned to the elm index screen to continue
a File on Pigseye:
you created a file, for example by the name of "test",
and you would like to remove it then at the Pigseye % prompt
enter rm test. Rm is the Unix command for removing
an E -mail with an Attachment:
From Netscape, in your desired Web site, click File on the
Select Mail Document.
Enter the e-mail address that you wish to send it to (in this
case it would be your own address) then click Send and exit
Open Pigseye and login with your password.
At the Pigseye % prompt type elm.
Check your mail to make sure you have received the message.
At the command: type s)ave, then rename the file.
Type m to key in an e-mail.
When you are finished typing the message that you would like
to send, hit control r, then control t.
Highlight the file that you would like to send along with
your message, then hit enter.
Hit control x to exit the pico editor, then type s
to send the e-mail with the attachment.
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to Pigseye from Home
you have a computer and modem at home that is hooked into
your phone line, you may dial up the school to access Pigseye
through your modem (as long as it is at least at 2400 baud
rate). You will then need some type of communications software
that will support terminal emulation (this converts the computer
language which travels through the phone line back into text
to display on your screen). Many computers have these pre-loaded.
Some examples are Qmodem, Quick Link 2 Fax, or Hyperterminal.
vt 102, ansi, or ansibbs (vt 102 recommended)
Phone #: (770) 423-6663
connection you will receive a <baud rate> message.
Press "Enter" 2 or more times.
should have a screen pop up as the KSUnet. The heading should
read " Kennesaw State University Dial-In Service."
will then be offered several options, such as connections
to the Library, KSUMail, or Pigseye.
you want to connect to the Library to see if a book is available
you would choose "Connect to KSU Library" and for
the login name you must type in "vt100".
Type in "vt100" for the password and you will then
be connected to the library.
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enables you to reach the World Wide Web from your Pigseye
account. Lynx was created by the University of Kansas, and
is a non-graphical web browser. It allows you to jump from
one spot of cyberspace to another through the use of random
links that are placed within the document, hence its name,
Lynx! A few great aspects of Lynx are:
is much quicker than Netscape because it doesn't have pictures
may access it from your computer at home if you have a modem.
access to the internet is free through KSU.
you have logged on to your Pigseye account, at the prompt
(%) type lynx and hit enter. You are then connected
to the KSU page. This page offers you a various array of information
on the school as well as the World Wide Web. If you have a
specific website address (URL) that you'd like to go to, then
at the prompt (%) type lynx, space, then the complete
% lynx http://www.rmca.org/index.html
you are in Lynx, use the arrow keys to toggle up and down
the screen to highlight a destination on the document. Use
the left arrow key to go back and the right arrow key to follow
- Help from any screen in your Lynx session.
- Sets your options for operation. (They should not need
to be changed unless you are operating a Macintosh off campus).
- Print. Be aware that the lab is not configured to enable
you to print straight from the screen, so your only options
are to mail it to your box or
to save to a local file for you to pull up and print.
- Go. This will give you the option to go to another website
from any screen in lynx, provided you know the address.
- Main screen. This takes you back to KSU's homepage from
any other page.
- This will end your Lynx session in its entirety, and put
you back to the Pigseye prompt.
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is one of the most popular ways to access the Internet.
From the Windows95 screen, click Start and then select the
Click on Netscape.
you first start Netscape, you will be connected to KSU's on-campus
page of bookmarks. If you know the address of the Web site
you wish to locate, move the pointer to the "Open"
button and click once. When the window appears, type the address
in the space provided. Then click on "Open". A great
place to start is the KSU Political Science
Department homepage! From this page you can access course
information, contact faculty, and find political and government
related research information, including links to internet
you do not know the address of the Web site you wish to locate,
you can use search engines such as Yahoo, Lycos, and Infoseek.
To access these search engines, click on "Net Search".
You will then have the option of which search engine you would
like to use.
you find a particularly useful or interesting document on
the Web, you can send it to yourself or to a friend through
e-mail. To do this, click on "File". Then click
on "Mail Document". If you want to mail the document
to only one address, type in the address next to the "Mail
To" button. If you want to mail the document to two addresses,
type in the second address next to the "Cc" button.
Click on "Send" to mail the document to the address
or addresses you typed in.
makes it easy to move back and forth between the pages you
have already seen. If you want to go back to the last page
you had open, click the "Back" button. If you want
to go forward again to one of the pages you have already seen,
click the "Forward" button. If you repeatedly click
on these buttons, you will scroll through all the pages you
have had open. The "Home" button will bring you
back to KSU's page of bookmarks. By clicking on "Print",
you are able to print any document, in full or part, displayed
on your screen in Netscape. If you are connecting to a Web
site and you wish to cancel the connection, you can do so
by clicking on "Stop". The "Stop" button
can only be used if it is highlighted red. To exit Netscape,
click on "File", then "Exit".
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engines are essentially directories or libraries on the World
Wide Web. Each one of them is connected to a certain number
of sites. Some of the more popular search engines are already
included on Netscape for your use. As you gain more experience
using the computer and each of these different search engines
you may find other search engines that interest you or are
better suited to your needs.
starting Netscape, you will be at the KSU on-campus Bookmarks
page. You'll see a row of tabs right above that. Click on
"Net Search" and you will have immediate access
to Excite, Infoseek,
Lycos, and Yahoo.
These are just four search engines that Netscape provides.
Some other well known search engines are AltaVista,
Webcrawler, and Hot
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has an easy way to save web sites that you enjoy or find useful.
These saved sites are called Bookmarks. Like bookmarks in
a book, Netscape bookmarks save your place on the Web.
you have found a web site that you want to Bookmark, go to
the Netscape toolbar and hit the Bookmarks key. You will see
bookmarks to KSU's homepage and the ITS Bookmarks. Above these
are two lines:
to Bookmark (ctrl+B)
can click on the Add line to add a bookmark or hit ctrl+D.
Then, whenever you want to return to a web site, click on
the bookmark button and then click on the web site that you
wish to return to. Hitting ctrl+B will bring up a list of
bookmarks for you to choose from.
Windows error messages pop up on your screen and you may have
to close your application. This can mean that you will have
to start all over. If you do not have the web site address
written down, you will have to search for it again. However,
if you have added that site as a bookmark, then you can go
to the list and connect back again easily to where you were.
you are in the middle of a session in Netscape and you want
to return to a web site that you have not bookmarked, you
can click on the Window button on the toolbar and select the
History button and scroll down through the list. It is important
for you to know that hitting the Back button can remove some
of the sites from the History list, as does the Home button.
most recent sites that you have visited are listed under the
Go button. It only saves a few of them, so if you want to
return to a site from several links back use the History list
Academic Computing clears the bookmarks off of the machines
after a few days, so you will not be able to return to your
bookmark list several days after you have made a bookmark.
Files in Netscape:
easiest way to save text files in Netscape is to go to the
File button on the toolbar, choose "Save As", then
choose the drive you wish to save to. (Drive a: if
you are saving to a disk) Remember, you can also have Netscape
mail documents to your Pigseye account. (See Netscape
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is a file system on the Internet. It is based on the same
type of system as the Web and FTP with files at server sites
that you can access from your computer. Gopher sites, like
Web sites, can be linked together so you can jump from one
to another without having to know anything about addresses.
However, unlike the Web, Gopher is based on text menus --
are two ways you can access Gopher. You can type the word
gopher at the Pigseye prompt, or you can click on "KSU
Gopher" from KSU's bookmark page. When you access a Gopher
site, you will be presented with a menu. From that you choose
a menu option that can lead to additional options or files.
primary search engine for Gopher-based resources is Veronica.
Veronica is a title search-and-retrieval system for use with
the Internet Gopher. It is a database service that maintains
an index of titles of Gopher items, and provides keyword searches
of those titles. The database is updated every one to two
must be accessed through a gopher client. Connect to a gopher
server which offers a link to a Veronica server. For example,
from KSU's Gopher main menu, choose the menu item "Other
Gopher Servers of the World", select "Search titles
in Gopherspace Using Veronica". The simplest way to search
with Veronica is to enter a single word and hit the "Enter"
key. It does not matter whether the word is upper-case or
lower-case. The Veronica server will return a Gopher menu
composed of items whose titles match your keyword specification.
The items are pulled from the menus of many potential Gopher
servers. Access an item of interest by hitting the "Enter"
key. The number of returned items is limited to 200 unless
you specify an option. If you get the message "Too many
connections" or "Cannot connect", you can try
one of the other servers.
of Minnesota: gopher://gopher.tc.umn.edu
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is a program that lets one computer on the Internet connect
to another computer on the Internet. A computer using Telnet
can connect to anywhere in the world. Telnet was one of the
earliest technologies used to access the Internet. This technology
reflects the way computers were used in the days before personal
computers, when people used terminals to access central shared
computers. All that a terminal can do is display data sent
to it from another computer, allow the user to type data on
a keyboard, and then send the data back to that computer.
Terminals tend to be limited to text only, with some exceptions.
Today, few people use terminals. Instead they use personal
computers of various kinds. However, many electronic resources
on the Internet were developed for terminal access, and often
you will need to access these resources as though you were
using a terminal. To access these resources, you need Telnet,
which makes your personal computer look like a terminal and
connects it to a remote shared computer.
you can connect to a remote computer using Telnet, you need
to know the Internet address of that computer. You can search
Telnet addresses through any search engines, such as through
Netscape by using Yahoo.
following example uses the UNIX version of Telnet to connect
to a remote computer at the address: infogate.ucs.indiana.edu.
This is the address of the library catalog at Indiana University.
To connect to a remote computer using the UNIX telnet program,
follow these steps:
Make sure you are at the UNIX prompt, which for KSU is Pigseye
Type telnet infogate.ucs.indiana.edu.
Type guest and press Enter to log into InfoGate.
you have logged in as "guest", you will be connected
to the Indiana University library catalog.
important tip to remember is not to take too long between
connecting to a computer with Telnet and logging in to the
computer. If you do, the remote computer may disconnect you.
If this happens, you need to connect again before logging
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is a Windows utility that allows you to do two things:
Manipulate files in your Pigseye account. With WS-FTP you
can take files from your floppy disk and put them into your
account, download files stored in
your Pigseye account, change file names, and view text files.
Connect to Anonymous FTP computers around the world to download
and upload files.
stands for file transfer protocol. It is a general
term for the way that the Internet sends files. There are
two different parts to FTP. There is an ASCII part, for sending
text, and a binary part for sending non-text data such as
programs. Choosing the wrong one when getting a file can result
in your getting a bunch of gibberish. WS-FTP makes it easy
to avoid this. Anonymous FTP refers to logging on to another
computer with the login as anonymous. Your password then is
your e-mail address, or, using WS-FTP at Kennesaw State University,
the address of the computer that you are sitting at. The people
who own and operated the computers that you login to anonymously
allow you to download files for free! You can get all kinds
of shareware and freeware files this way, as well as a great
deal of information.
the Owlnet suite in Windows95, select the WS-FTP icon. The
opening screen is titled Session Profile. In the field marked
Profile Name, type pigseye. Enter your login name at
User ID and your password at Password. Do not hit the Save
password button. If you do, other people will be able to access
your Pigseye account. After entering your login name and your
password, hit return. In a few seconds you will be connected
to your Pigseye account. On the right side of the screen you
will see the contents of your account. If there are any files
in it, they will be displayed here. Above the list of files
you will see a field with .. and mail. Mail is a separate
directory where some files may be stored. Pressing the ..
moves you up a directory in Pigseye.
a file to a floppy disk using WS-FTP:
make sure that there is a disk in your a: drive. Then,
on the left hand side of the screen, click on [-a-].
Then click on the button that says ChgDir. The light
indicating that the drive is in use should come on, letting
you know that the drive is scanning the disk. Once it stops,
click the Auto button near the bottom of the screen.
This will ensure that the text is transferred in ASCII and
the non-text is transferred in Binary. Then click on the file(s)
from Pigseye that you wish to save to disk and press the arrow
button in the middle of your screen, indicating direction
from Pigseye on the right to your disk directory on the left.
WS-FTP will automatically transfer the files you have selected
to your disk, and you will see the Transfer Status window
indicating how much of the file has been transferred and an
estimation of how long it will take to finish. You will also
see the file names appearing on the directory for your floppy
disk. The Transfer Status window will disappear after it is
a file to my Pigseye account using WS-FTP:
login to Pigseye as in the steps above. Then, click on the
drive you wish to save from. [-h-] is the default directory.
[-a-] is the floppy disk drive. If there is a file
in [-h-] that you wish to transfer to Pigseye, click
on the Auto at the bottom of the screen and then click
on the file(s) that you wish to transfer to Pigseye. Then,
when the file(s) are highlighted, press the arrow button in
the middle of your screen, indicating direction from the [-h-]
drive on the left to your Pigseye directory on the right.
You will see the Transfer Status window, and then you will
be done. To transfer files from your floppy disk, login to
Pigseye and click on [-a-] and the ChgDir button,
but follow all the other steps as described above.
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of course, is not all of the computer
help here at Kennesaw State University, but it's a good
start. You have learned how to set up your e-mail account
and login to send mail to your friends. You have a basic knowledge
of Netscape and the potential contained there for conducting
searches and finding web sites. Remember to write down the
sites that interest you and the short-cuts you learn or teach
yourself along the way. All of this should make your search
for knowledge much easier.
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Government and Political Related Websites!
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Books on Using the Internet!
Bill. Politics On The Net. Que Corporation. Indianapolis,
Geoffrey W. Internet Research Companion. Que Education
& Training. Indianapolis, IN. 1996.
Jim. Easy World Wide Web With Netscape. Que Corporation.
Indianapolis, IN. 1995.
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created by Stacey Caras, David Adams, Kim Brangham, Marty
Dye, and Paul Scott.
by Leah Clancy
and Amy H. French
in POLS490, Summer 1997.
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