# Calculating the Grade Point Average (GPA)

[Note: Kennesaw State University uses "grades," "quality points'' and "hours attempted" to calculate a student's GPA]

Students must know the following prior to calculating a GPA:

**Grades:**Grades used to calculate a student's GPA are As, Bs, Cs, Ds, Fs, and WFs (this is a "withdrawal failing" grade). [Does not include "S," "U," "W" (withdrawal), or "V" (audit) grades]**Quality Points:**Quality points are values given to each grade that is earned at KSU. Each letter grade is worth the following:

A = 4 quality points

B = 3 quality points

C = 2 quality points

D = 1 quality point

F = 0 quality points

WF = 0 quality points

**Hours Attempted:**Hours of classes a student has completed and earned a grade of A,B,C,D,F, or WF at KSU

[Does not include: Learning Support Classes (i.e. English 0099, Math 0097 or 0098, Reading 0099), Regents' Classes (i.e. Reading 0020 or English 0020), or any class that a student receives an "S," "U," "W," or "V" grade.]**The Formula:**Quality points divided by hours attempted = the GPA

This Formula can be used to compute all GPAs at KSU. Kennesaw State University computes the following grade point averages for each student:

**Term**GPA - This calculation includes only the grades and quality points a student earns in one term at KSU.**Cumulative**GPA - This calculation includes ALL grades and quality points a student has earned at KSU.**Adjusted**GPA (AGPA) - This calculation is used when a student repeats a course. If a student makes a "D", "F", or "WF" in a course at KSU and retakes that same course at KSU and makes a "C" or higher, only the**higher**grade is computed in the adjusted GPA.**Both**grades are used in the student's cumulative GPA. (This rule only applies to undergraduate students.)

**
EXAMPLE
**(How to calculate a Term GPA)

(

**Term**GPA-This includes only the grades and quality points earned in one term at KSU.)

Sue made these grades this term:

ART 1101 |
= B (3 credit hours) |

MATH 1101 |
= A (3 credit hours) |

POLS 1101 |
= C (3 credit hours) |

To calculate Sue's Term GPA:

Step 1: Multiply credit hours by quality points for grade received:

ART 1101 |
"B" 3 hours (x) 3 quality points = |

MATH 1101 |
"A" 3 hours (x) 4 quality points = |

POLS 1101 |
"C" 3 hours (x) 2 quality points = |

(Remember: Quality points are awarded as follows:)

A = 4 quality points

B = 3 quality points

C = 2 quality points

D = 1 quality point

F = 0 quality points

WF = 0 quality points

Step 2: Add quality points:** 9 + 12 + 6 = 27 quality points**

Step 3: Add hours: 3 + 3 + 3 = 9 hours attempted

Step 4: Now use the formula* to determine GPA: [*Formula: Divide quality points by hours attempted = GPA]

**27 **(quality points) **divided by 9 **(hours attempted) **= 3.00 Term GPA **

(grade point average/GPA for the term)

**WORKSHEET**

To calculate Term GPA:

Class Schedule for current term (Note: Qpts = Quality points)

Course Name: _________ hours: _______ (x) Qpts. For grade: _____ = ____ Qpts.

Course Name: _________ hours: _______ (x) Qpts. For grade: _____ = ____ Qpts.

Course Name: _________ hours: _______ (x) Qpts. For grade: _____ = ____ Qpts.

Course Name: _________ hours: _______ (x) Qpts. For grade: _____ = ____ Qpts.

Course Name: _________ hours: _______ (x) Qpts. For grade: _____ = ____ Qpts.

Total Hours: _______ ____ Total Qpts.

Use **Formula**: Divide total quality points by total hours to calculate term GPA

Total "**quality points**" _____ divided by total "**hours**"_____ = term **GPA**_____

To calculate a KSU Cumulative GPA:

(This calculation includes **ALL** grades and quality points a student has earned at KSU.)

(Note: In order to do this calculation, a student must know their "Previous Total Quality Points" and their "Previous Total Hours" earned at KSU. This information can be obtained from the transcript.)

Step 1:

Add "Previous Total **Quality Points"** __________ + (plus) "Term **Quality Points** (from term above) __________ = (equals) **Total Cumulative Quality Points **__________*

Step 2:

Add "Previous Total GPA **Hours**" __________ + (plus) "Term **Hours** (from term above) __________= (equals) **Total Cumulative Hours **__________*

**Final Step:**

Use **Formula**: Divide Total Cumulative Quality Points by Total Cumulative Hours to calculate Cumulative GPA

Total quality points*(From above)______divided by total hours**(From above)________=

**Cumulative GPA _______**

**ADJUSTED GPA**

**Adjusted** GPA (AGPA) - This calculation is used when a student repeats a course. If a student makes a "D," "F," or "WF" in a course at KSU and retakes that same course at KSU and makes a **"C" or higher**, only the **higher** grade is computed in the Adjusted GPA; whereas, **both** grades would be used in the student's Cumulative GPA.

The difficult part about this calculation is a student must adjust for any hours or quality points that may have already been earned. Therefore, calculate the Cumulative GPA **first** and then adjust for the repeated class. Remember that the grade of "D" carries 1 quality point per hour of class.

Below are two examples that might help a student in trying to determine their Adjusted GPA at KSU. The first example shows a student with a POLS 1101 class grade of "F" when taken for the first time and a "B" when repeated. The second example shows a student with a POLS 1101 class grade of "D" when taken for the first time and a "B" when repeated.

**EXAMPLE #1: (with first grade of "F" and the repeat grade being a "B")**

Sue made these grades during her first term at KSU:

MATH 1101 = A 3 hours (x) 4 quality points (for A) = 12

**POLS 1101 **= F 3 hours (x) 0 quality point (for F) = 0

Total Hours = 6 Total quality points = 12

Use the formula: Quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**12 **(quality points) **divided by 6 **(hours attempted)** = 2.00 GPA for the Term **(term grade point average)

Sue made these grades during her next term at KSU:

ENGL 1101 = C 3 hours (x) 2 quality points (for C) = 6

**POLS 1101 **= **B **3 hours (x) 3 quality point (for B) = 9

Total Hours = 6 Total quality points =15

Use the formula: Quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**15 **(quality points) **divided by 6 **(hours attempted) **= 2.50 GPA for the Term** (term grade point average)

**First**, determine the Cumulative GPA:

Add quality points from both terms

12 + 15 = 27

Add hours from both terms:

6 + 6 = 12

Use the formula: Total quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**27 **(total quality points) **divided by 12 **(total quality points) **= 2.25 **(total hours) (Cumulative GPA)

(Note: Both POLS 1101 classes are used in this calculation.)

**Next**, recalculate for the **Adjusted GPA**:

Add quality points from both terms

12 + 15 = 27

Add hours from both terms:

3 + 6 = 9

(Note: when a student adds thier hours for both terms, only count the hours for POLS 1101 with grade of "B" as **3** hours. Do not include the 3 hours for the other POLS 1101 "F" grade.)

Use the formula: Total quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**27 **(total quality points) **divided by 9 **(total hours) **= 3.00 **(Adjusted GPA)

(Note: Only one POLS 1101 class was used in this calculation - the one with the higher grade of "B".)

From this example, a student can see the advantage of repeating classes and making a higher grade.

**EXAMPLE #2: (with first grade of "D" and the repeat grade being a "B")**

Sue made these grades during her first term at KSU:

MATH 1101 = A 3 hours (x) 4 quality points (for A) = 12

**POLS 1101 **= D 3 hours (x) 1 quality point (for D) = 3

Total Hours = 6 Total quality points = 15

Use the formula: Quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**15 **(quality points) **divided by 6 **(hours attempted)** = 2.50 GPA for the Term **(term grade point average)

Sue made these grades during her next term at KSU:

ENGL 1101 = C 3 hours (x) 2 quality points (for C) = 6

**POLS 1101 **= **B **3 hours (x) 3 quality point (for B) = 9

Total Hours = 6 Total quality points =15

Use the formula: Quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**15 **(quality points) **divided by 6 **(hours attempted) **= 2.50 GPA for the Term** (term grade point average)

**First**, determine the Cumulative GPA:

Add quality points from both terms

15 + 15 = 30

Add hours from both terms:

6 + 6 = 12

Use the formula: Total quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**27 **(total quality points) **divided by 12 **(total quality points) **= 2.50 **(total hours) (Cumulative GPA)

(Note: Both POLS 1101 classes are used in this calculation.)

**Next**, recalculate for the **Adjusted GPA**:

Add quality points from both terms

12 + 15 = 27

(Note: when a student adds their quality points for both terms, a student will only count the quality points for the POLS 1101 "B" grade. **Do not** include the quality points for the other POLS 1101 "D" grade.)

Add hours from both terms:

3 + 6 = 9

(Note: when a student adds their hours for both terms, a student will only count the hours for POLS 1101 with the "B" grade as 3 hours. Do not include the 3 hours from the other POLS 1101 "D" grade.)

Use the formula: Total quality points divided by hours attempted = GPA

**27 **(total quality points) **divided by 9 **(total hours) **= 3.00 **(Adjusted GPA)

(Note: Only one POLS 1101 class was used in this calculation - the one with the higher grade of "B".)

Once again, from this example, a student can see the advantage of repeating classes and making a higher grade.

The adjusted GPA can be used for acceptance into various programs at KSU, for being admitted into certain academic societies, and for graduating with honors