Block Quotes / Long Quotations



APA Style

Place direct quotations longer than 40 words in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented a half inch (12 spaces) from the left margin. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation five spaces from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. The quote should be preceded by an introductory sentence ending with a colon.

Example:

Jones’s (1993) study found the following results:

Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first

time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many

students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help.

(p.199)

MLA Style

Place quotations longer than four typed lines (three lines for poetry) in a free-standing block of text, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented one inch (24 spaces) from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Only indent the first line of the quotation by another quarter inch if you are citing multiple paragraphs. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. If there is not enough room, your parenthetical reference should be placed on the next line. When quoting poetry, maintain the original line breaks and double-space the text. For both prose and poetry, you should have an introductory sentence for your quote, usually ending with a colon.

Prose Example:

Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration:

They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and

I had no more sense, so I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would

be gone on the morrow. By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it

crept to Mr. Earnshaw’s door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber.

Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in

recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house.

(Bronte 78)

Poetry Example:

In her poem “Sources,” Adrienne Rich explores the roles of women in shaping their world:

The faithful drudging child

the child at the oak desk whose penmanship,

hard work, style will win her prizes

becomes the woman with a mission, not to win prizes

but the change the laws of history. (19-23)

Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) and Turabian

For the CMS, when a quotation is fairly long (anywhere from five to ten lines), set it off from the text by indenting half an inch (12 spaces) from the left margin. Quotation marks are not needed when a quotation has been set off from the text. Maintain double-spacing. There needs to be a preceding introductory sentence that ends with a colon. When formatting long quotations using Turabian, follow the guidelines for the CMS but single space the block quote.

CMS Example:

Foote describes the scene:

Some kept going, right into the river, where a number drowned and the

swimmers became targets for marksmen on the bluff. Others, dropping their

guns in terror, ran back toward the Confederates with their hands up, and of

these some were spared as prisoners, while others were shot down in the act

of surrender. 3

Turabian Example:

Foote describes the scene:

Some kept going, right into the river, where a number drowned and the swimmers became targets for marksmen on the bluff. Others, dropping their guns in terror, ran back toward the Confederates with their hands up, and of these some were spared as prisoners, while others were shot down in the act of surrender. 3
[Adapted from the following source(s): Purdue OWL, A Writer’s Reference, 7th Edition, A Manual for Writers 7th Edition]

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