MLA Style Basics
The Modern Language Association (MLA) style is a system for formatting and documenting essays for English and other humanities classes. In 2009, the system was updated to reflect new standards. Using MLA correctly increases your credibility as a writer and avoids accidental incidents of plagiarism.
These are basic MLA guidelines. For complete information, consult a recent (2009) handbook and visit the Writing Center.
FORMATTING PAPERS IN MLA STYLE
Citation in a Signal Phrase
According to Bacon, “the vampire is not trying to destroy the adolescent hero but is in
fact a manifestation brought into existence by him, a product of his psyche through
which to realize the true nature of his burgeoning boyhood” (157).
The inspiration for Bram Stoker’s Dracula may have come from a true case of tuberculosis
afflicting a family in New England (Tucker).
According to Alan Meier, a researcher with Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, appliance
power supplies are considered “energy vampires” due to their tendency to “consume
power even when the appliance is switched off” (qtd. in Knapp).
Citations of Multiple Authors
Two or three authors: (Strielkowski, Lisin, and Welkins 829) or Strielkowski, Lisin, and Welkins note, “…” (829).
Four or more authors: (Carter, Logsdon, Arnold, Menchaca, and Medellin 41) or (Carter et al. 41)*
* Whether you use the whole list of authors or just the lead author’s name followed by et al., make sure you are consistent with the way the information is presented on the Works Cited page.
WORKS CITED PAGE ENTRIES
Gordon, Karen Elizabeth. The Deluxe Transitive Vampire: The Ultimate Handbook of
Grammar for the Innocent, the Eager, and the Doomed. New York: Pantheon
Books, 1993. Print.
Article in a Magazine
Merrell, Susan Scarf. “Shirley Jackson & Her Demon Lover.” The Writer’s Chronicle
May/Summer 2012: 26-34. Print.
Article in a Journal
Bacon, Simon. "Lost Boys: The Infernal Youth of the Cinematic Teenage Vampire."
Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies 5.2 (2011): 152-162. Print.
Article from a Database (Journal)
Strielkowski, Wadim, Evgeny Lisin, and Emily Welkins. "Intertemporal Model of Co-
Existence of Two Rival Species: A Case of Vampires and Humans Co-
Habitation." Modern Economy 3.7 (2012): 826-831. Business Source Complete.
Web. 11 July 2013.
Article in an Online Magazine
Tucker, Abigail. “The Great New England Vampire Panic.” Smithsonian.com. Smithsonian
Media, Oct. 2012. Web. 11 July 2013.
Article in an Online Newspaper
Provano, Joel. “Teen Murder Suspect Says She’s Vampire/Werewolf.” ajc.com. Atlanta
Journal Constitution, 30 Sept. 2011. Web. 24 Aug. 2013.
Selection from an Anthology
Matheson, Richard. “Drink My Blood.” The Penguin Book of Vampire Stories. Ed. Alan
Ryan. New York: Penguin Group, 1988. 362-370. Print.
Short Work from a Website
Frances, Sherrin. “Grammar Literacy: How Vampires, Potlucks and Diagrams Created an
Affective Learning Community.” Academia.edu. Academia, 2013. Web. 12 July
Reasoning with Vampires. 22 July 2013. Web. 15 Aug. 2013.
Online Video Clip
Animal Planet. “Vampires of the Deep: How to Catch a Lamprey.” YouTube. YouTube, 26
June 2013. Web. 15 Aug. 2013.
Knapp, Don. "New Technology Lays 'Energy Vampires' to Rest." CNN.com. Cable News
Network, 1 Nov. 2000. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
“Vampire Diaries: Getting Back to My Roots Through a Deadly Outbreak.” Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC, 20 July 2011. Web. 27 Aug.
To print a copy of this handout, please click here.